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Beside of Rohingya Refugees

Rohingya refugees: The world’s fastest-growing humanitarian crisis by the numbers

A well-known international organization IRC says in a report on October 23, 2017 that Rohingya refugees issue is presently world's fastest-growing humanitarian crisis. Here's a look at the Rohingya refugee crisis by the numbers:

614,000 more Rohingya Muslim refugees have fled violence and persecution in Myanmar since August, 2017.

300,000 more Rohingya are expected to flee to Bangladesh in the coming weeks.

The total number of refugees in Bangladesh could soon top 1 million.

It's the fastest mass exodus IRC aid workers have seen since the Rwandan genocide in 1994.

95% of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh do not have access to clean water, and more than three quarters lack food.

120,000 more Rohingya remain trapped in Myanmar, cut off from essential services and dependent on aid to survive.

The United Nations emergency response plan is only one-quarter funded by donor countries, leaving a shortfall of $328 million.

What has been happening to them?

Violence broke out in northern Rakhine state on 25 August, when some militants attacked government forces. In response, security forces supported by Buddhist militia launched a “clearance operation” that has killed at least 1,000 people and forced more than 300,000 to flee their homes. The UN’s top human rights official said on 11 September that the military’s response was “clearly disproportionate” to insurgent attacks and warned that Myanmar’s treatment of its Rohingya minority appears to be a “textbook example” of ethnic cleansing.

Refugees have spoken of massacres in villages, where they say soldiers raided and burned their homes. Satellite analysis by Human Rights Watch has shown evidence of fire damage in urban areas populated by Rohingyas, as well as in isolated villages.


Rohingya crisis: UN sees 'ethnic cleansing' in Myanmar

The security operation targeting Rohingya Muslims in Myanmar "seems a textbook example of ethnic cleansing", the UN human rights chief says.
It has been stated as "cruel military operation" in Rakhine state.
More than 300,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled to Bangladesh since violence erupted there late last month (August 2017).
Aid agencies say Rohingya refugees from Myanmar are in desperate need of aid

How many have been killed, injured or forced to flee?

Myanmar government claims about 400 people have been killed so far, though others say the number is much higher. The UN estimated on 7 September that 1,000 had been killed. Bangladesh’s foreign minister, AH Mahmood Ali, said unofficial sources put the death toll at about 3,000. More than 310,000 people had fled to Bangladesh by 11 September. Those who have made it to the border have walked for days, hiding in jungles and crossing mountains and rivers. Many are sick and some have bullet wounds.
Aid agencies have warned of a growing humanitarian crisis in overstretched border camps, where water, food rations and medical supplies are running out of stock. Most refugees are now living in established camps, makeshift settlements or sheltering in host communities. Nearly 50,000 are in new spontaneous settlements that have sprung up along the border, where access to services is especially limited.

Who are the Rohingya?

Described as the world’s most persecuted people, 1.1 million Rohingya people live in Myanmar. They live predominately in Rakhine state, where they have co-existed uneasily alongside Buddhists for decades.

Rohingya people say they are descendants of Muslims, perhaps Persian and Arab traders, who came to Myanmar generations ago. Unlike the Buddhist community, they speak a language similar to the Bengali dialect of Chittagong in Bangladesh.

The Rohingya are reviled by many in Myanmar as illegal immigrants and they suffer from systematic discrimination. The Myanmar government treats them as stateless people, denying them citizenship. Stringent restrictions have been placed on Rohingya people’s freedom of movement, access to medical assistance, education and other basic services.

What’s the background to the story?

For decades ethnic tensions have simmered in Rakhine state, with frequent outbreaks of violence. In October 2016 nine police officers were killed by armed men, believed by officials to be Muslims. Amid the ensuing violence, 87,000 Rohingya Muslims fled to Bangladesh and government troops expanded their presence in Rakhine state.

At the time, a senior UN official alleged that the Myanmar government was seeking to rid the country of its Muslim minority – an accusation that has been made repeatedly by human rights groups. The government denies the charge.
In August, Myanmar further increased the number of troops in Rakhine, after seven Buddhists were found hacked to death. The buildup of troops prompted warnings of a fresh wave of violence.

The most recent violence is seen as a major escalation not only because of the scale, but because of the involvement of the new Rohingya militant group, the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army. It says the attacks on government forces were an act of self-defence.

After Genocide: What Happens Next for the Rohingya Refugees?

"How can we go back to Myanmar without anyone guaranteeing our security," Alam, a Rohingya refugee, told the Associated Press last week ( February 01, 2018), voicing a question that hung over the refugee crisis unfolding in Myanmar and Bangladesh over the past six months.

"If we would be given homes in our villages that were burned, then we will go back," Alam said.

Bangladesh and Myanmar had intended to start returning the refugees a few hundred at a time last week, aiming to repatriate all 688,000 recently displaced Rohingya refugees within the next two years, Reuters reported. But even as preparations for the Rohingyas’ return began, dozens of refugees were still arriving in Bangladesh.

Since the Burmese military began carrying out violent “counter-terrorism clearing operations” on Aug. 25, hundreds of thousands of Rohingya people have fled as their villages burned, and their family members were raped and murdered.

Myanmar recognizes 135 ethnic groups, but the Rohingya are not one of them. They have not been considered citizens since 1982, though they have roots in the country reaching back centuries, and so they are stateless people with few human rights protections

The Advisory Commission on Rakhine State — an impartial committee chaired by former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, created in 2016 at the request of Aung San Suu Kyi to assess ways to improve the welfare of Rakhine — recommended that Myanmar re-evaluate and revise its citizenship laws with regards to the Rohingya last year, but their status has not changed.

For years, thousands of Rohingya have lived in IDP camps, which have been likened to concentration camps, and in townships with little opportunity.

Using satellite imagery, Human Rights Watch determined that at least 354 villages in northern Rakhine have been partially or completely burned and destroyed.

What is the current situation?

One hundred days after the start of the most recent influx, the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) is released a report (Published on 03 Dec 2017) on the overall status of the humanitarian response to the Rohingya Refugee Crisis in Bangladesh.

There are more than 830,000 Rohingya refugees in Cox’s Bazar: 625,000 of them have poured over the border since 25 August. These refugees are now living in ten different camps, and among Bangladeshi host communities. One of the camps has become the largest and fastest growing refugee camp in the world, where approximately half a million people are living extremely close to each other without access to basic services such as toilets or clinics.

The Monitoring Report, which covers the first two months of the response from 25 August to 31 October, highlights the work of the Government of Bangladesh, in cooperation with humanitarian partners who are working to provide relief services for the refugee population and Bangladeshi host communities. Of the 1.2 million people in need, around half have been reached with assistance. The Report also explains the challenges and gaps that remain. The risk of disease outbreak is high, and the impact of a cyclone or heavy rain would be massive. There is not enough land to provide adequate living conditions for the more than 830,000 refugees that now crowd Cox’s Bazar.

The Report defines life-saving priorities for the coming months. These include improving nutrition, preventing and managing disease outbreak, adequate planning for the new camps, and improving protection across all areas of the response.

Only 34% of the $434 million needed to provide assistance to 1.2 million people, including host communities, has been raised. “Humanitarian partners are working around the clock to respond, but the reality remains that the needs are massive and urgent, and the gaps are wide. More funding is needed. Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, but more land is needed to improve conditions in the congested camps,” said Mia Seppo, UN Resident Coordinator in Bangladesh.

How GPKS helps

GPKS have intention to launch an emergency response in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh focused on essential health assistance, Dental Care, planting for protect environment, treatment of malnutrition, protection of vulnerable children, a range of specialized services for women and girls and food for all.

How you can help

Please donate now.

Your support today will help to save millions of world’s most persecuted people who are living now in several refugee camps in Bangladesh.