GONO PRACHER KALYAN SANGSTHA

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GPKS in Agriculture

GPKS is launched with various purposes. Based on the region or local demand and problems, divergence in targets and objectives can be observed. But everywhere the main purpose of GPKS is the much-desired development of poverty stricken deprived people. The missions and goals with which are established and conducting our operations in Bangladesh are:
a) Speedier economic growth achievement process.
b) Human Resource development.
c) Specific target setting for poor.

Innovating Appropriate Technology for Small and Seasonal Farmers:

In Bangladesh during the 70’s the government agencies initiated irrigation in agriculture. But it was not that successful in small farmland. In small size farming land, deep and shallow tube-well was not that suitable when growing vegetables and spices. On demand from the small and seasonal farmers the NGOs like us, GPKS, have developed bamboo/cane tube-well, oar pump, star pump etc. type of irrigation technology. As this can be produced with little cost, the small and marginal farmers can now easily afford these. We arrange to teach appropriate technology for fruits, vegetables, fish and cooking through transfer of suitable technology for family agriculture.

Some success stories in farm mechanization:

Bangladesh has produced a remarkable progress in producing cereal grains rice, wheat and maize) and to some extent, vegetables (tomato, cauliflower, cabbage, egg plants, beans etc.) by introducing farm mechanization. Mechanization in the country started with the pumping of water for irrigation. Introduction of high yielding variety of rice triggered the rapid expansion of irrigated are a (about 61% of cultivable area). Though, mostly the existing conveyance and distribution systems are traditional earthen channels, we and some other organizations are trying to improve the existing water distribution systems. We are working in the Barind Area of Rajshahi and Dinajpur Region. These areas have erratic climatic conditions and are mostly very dry compared to rest part of the country. Earlier, no other crop except rain fed Aman rice (grown in wet season) could be grown in the area due to crisis of water.

Vegetable Farm



GPKS in Poultry Sector

Fruits are mainly divided into two categories: (a) Periodical and (b) Seasonal.

(a) Periodical fruits

Objectives
The program aims to provide the women an entry point to diversify income earning and employment opportunities through training in poultry activities in order to improve their socio-economic situation.
Specific Objectives of The Program
  • Integration of poor village women into poultry rearing activities, so that they can earn a monthly income.
  • To reduce poultry mortality.
  • To increase the poultry population.
  • To introduce crossbreeds and increase the production of eggs and meat.
  • Improve the protein intake level of the rural poor.

There are numerous highly productive poultry breeds available throughout the globe. Some of those are very suitable for commercial purpose according to the weather and climate of Bangladesh for meat and egg production. Mostly raised and common poultry breeds in Bangladesh are listed below.


Broilers:
Broilers are highly meat productive commercial poultry breeds. They are raised mainly for their meat production. They grow faster by consuming a certain amount of food. They convert the food into meat and converting ratio is also very good.

Cockerels:
Cockerels are another meat productive poultry breeds. They also raised commercially for meat production. But their growing rate is very slow. Generally they grow slowly than any other commercial meat producing poultry breeds. They become very hardy and has a special demand in the market.

Layers:
Layers are used for commercial egg production. There are some layer poultry breeds available which can lay more than 280-320 eggs annually. After finishing profitable egg production stage, you can sell them for slaughtering purpose.


Free range poultry farming require large farm area. And it is not suitable for large scale poultry farming in Bangladesh. So, GPKS encourage Village Women to make a suitable house for poultry birds so that they can be kept inside the house all time. Design of poultry house vary according to the breed and farming system. While making a poultry house we advise to consider the followings and learn more about how to build a poultry house.

  • Proper ventilation system is a must for good health of poultry birds. So, make your poultry house well ventilated.
  • Keep essential facilities for entrancing sufficient amount of fresh and clean air and light inside the house.
  • Try to make south faced house. This will ensure flow of sufficient fresh air and help to prevent cold north air.
  • In case of making numerous house in large scale commercial production, try to keep at least 40 feet distance from one house to another house.
  • Clean the house perfectly before bringing the chicks into the farm.
  • Ensure that, your house is free from all types of predators and harmful animals.
  • Keep proper facility for preventing rain water and cold wind in winter season.
  • It would be better, if the house located in a calm and quiet place.
  • Make proper drainage system inside the house so that you can easily clean the house.
  • And keep all other facilities which are necessary for good poultry health and better production.

Livestock Farm


GPKS in Fishing Development Program

At present, for the betterment of the destitute and the helpless, the untended population of the society, GPKS is much acknowledged. It was proven that the active presences of GPKSs are a boon for the overall and social development of Bangladesh. Right now we are omnipresent in Bangladesh’s socio-economic, cultural, geographic, family planning, education, health etc. GPKS has proven ourselves as the true associates/partner of the government in poverty eradication and socio-cultural development. In many cases we are more successful in some aspects of development where the government is playing a secondary role. So, for better life of village people another program of GPKS is Fish Farming.

Fish Farm

We advise to select a suitable land or area because it is very important for starting fish farming. All the areas are not suitable for fish farming and some areas have plenty of natural resources, which are very effective for fish farming. Especially coastal areas and the areas near big rivers or stream are very suitable for establishing fish farming. Consider the followings while selecting land or areas for fish farming. We also advise people that

  • Select relatively level land and avoid steeply sloped lands.
  • Consider your future business plan, while selecting the land. It will be better if you can select a large piece of land, where you can perform all types of necessary farm activities.
  • Avoid flooding and polluted areas, because flooding area can harm your business seriously.
  • Don’t select fish farming land near the crop fields. Farmers usually use a lots of fertilizers and pesticides in their field for better production. These chemicals get mixed with water and the polluted water can affect your fish farm.
  • It will be better,if your selected land become slightly lower than the main water source. It also help to reduce the cost of filling your farm land with water. Natural gravity will fill the land without any cost.
  • Ensure good transportation system is available in your selected area. Good transportation system will be very effective for marketing your products and purchasing necessary commodities from the market.
  • Construct a suitable pond, after selecting your farm area. Before constructing, make a good design and make the pond according to your desired design. While designing the pond, ensure the availability of all types of necessary facilities for maintaining a profitable fish farming business. Although the design of a pond depends on the fish species you intend to raise and your location. You can consult with your nearest fisheries institute to learn more about specific pond design for specific fish species. Always try to maintain a good environment in the pond. Good environment helps to live and grow the fish well, and it directly involved with better production and maximum profits.